3.5.5 Blues

  • Cerulean Blue — PB35
  • Cobalt Blue — PB28
  • Manganese Blue PB33
  • Prussian Blue — PB27
  • Ultramarine Blue — PB29
  • Phthalocyanine Blue — PB15
Cerulean Blue — PB35

Virgil’s Assessment

Likewise cerulean blue versus cerulean “hue” made from phthalocyanine blue and some white; real cerulean blue behaves differently in mixtures of flesh tones than does the substitute,

Technical Links

http://www.artiscreation.com/blue.html#PB35

http://www.webexhibits.org/pigments/indiv/overview/ceruleanblue.html

Cobalt Blue — PB28

Virgil’s Assessment

Cobalt blue is one of the most lightfast of the blue pigments, and from that perspective is not adequately replaced by mixtures of phthalocyanine blue and synthetic ultramarine, neither of which are as lightfast.

Technical Links

http://www.artiscreation.com/blue.html#PB28

http://www.webexhibits.org/pigments/indiv/overview/coblue.html

Manganese Blue — PB33

Virgil’s Assessment

Technical Links

http://www.artiscreation.com/blue.html#PB33

Phthalocyanine Blue — PB15

Virgil’s Assessment

Technical Links

http://www.artiscreation.com/blue.html#PB15

Prussian Blue — PB27

Virgil’s Assessment

Technical Links

http://www.artiscreation.com/blue.html#PB27

http://www.webexhibits.org/pigments/indiv/overview/prussblue.html

Ultramarine Blue — PB29

Virgil’s Assessment

Technical Links

http://www.artiscreation.com/blue.html#PB29

http://www.webexhibits.org/pigments/indiv/overview/ultramarine.html

The natural Lapis has an ancient history, Ultramarine was first synthesized in 1828;

— the Natural mineral form of synthetic PB29. It has always been and still is a very expensive pigment. Extraction from the rare semi-precious gem stone is labor intensive & time consuming;

* Although Lapis Lazuli (after purifying) and Ultramarine Blue are essentially the same chemically, Lapis Lazuli is the natural mineral source and has different working properties, it also contains iron pyrite crystals that can give it a slight ‘sparkle’. Lapis Lazuli is also a much more expensive pigment so it is misleading to label Synthetic PB29 as Lapis Lazuli.